MySQL and MS SQL are two of the mostly used database systems by the web developers. But there is a debate over the benefits and several disadvantages of using these two databases. Both the systems work as a support system to XML. From the point of view of data storage and retrieval, both the systems more or else perform in a similar pattern.
License: Under the General Public License, MySQL is an open source system. Without spending any amount, a developer can start working with this system. But a person needs to buy a commercial license if he wants to sell the software. But the case is bit different for MS SQL. A developer has to secure a license. For simple development purpose, a free SQL server is given. But if one wishes to use it for commercial purpose, then he has to purchase at least the Standard Edition of SQL server.
Nature: The MS SQL is a closed source compared to MySQL. The latter is available as an open-source and is thus easily accessible. For the MS SQL, one is limited within the Sybase-derived engine. But MySQL offers numerous variations like Heap, Berkeley DB, MyISAM, InnoDB etc.
Functionality: If the two systems are compared on the basis of their performance, then it will be seen that MySQL surely has more advantages. It takes a very less storage space in the disk and the MyISAM database gives remarkable performance. Besides Windows, this system also performs well on UNIX and LINUX systems. For MS SQL, its performance is comparatively complex. It is difficult to work with it without very sound knowledge and efficient hardware. Working with MS SQL takes up more disk space compared to MySQL.
Technical Drawbacks: Compared to MS SQL, most of the foreign keys are not supported by MySQL. Some of the relational features found in MS SQL are missing in MySQL.
Recovery: If the two systems are considered on the basis of recovery process, then SQL has more benefits than MySQL. Since it has a configuration with MyISAM, it sometimes becomes a drawback for the system. If there is a disturbance or interruption takes place while working with MySQL, then it may result to loss of data. Even if the system faces any problem while working with MS SQL the data is not lost.
Security: Both MySQL and MS SQL adopt ample security measures from the very beginning. If a port becomes too vulnerable to use then the user is allowed to change it. The user is required to update the software from time to time to protect them from unwanted users and intruders.
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